The older you get the more changes happen to your body which is difficult because youth is one of the most sought after things in our culture, but everyone ages. So what happens when our skin cells age? What causes aging? What physical changes occur when skin cells age? The outer part of the skin layers, the epidermis, is where the skin cells reside and makes them susceptible to changes in the environment. Genetics, nutrition and sun are the biggest factor in the cell aging process. You can easily see this when you compare skin exposed to the sun as opposed to parts of the skin that are not. Knowing the changes and the effects will help you with the prevention, which can leave your skin looking younger for longer.
The changes skin goes through
When aging the epidermis changes but the amount of skin cells present in this layer doesn’t change. Instead the way the cells functions changes. The number of cells that contain pigment decreases while the number of cells without pigment increases. This causes skin to appear thinner. So as individuals aging spots can start to appear, these spots are called age spots and are more likely to appear in the areas of your skin that are most often exposed to the sun. Additionally, there are changes in the elasticity of skin the cells don’t jump back into place and can start to make the skin look weathered and leathery. This loss of elasticity, or collagen in the skin, can mean wrinkles begin to appear, especially in those spots that are exposed to the sun. Blood vessels begin to become more exposed and become fragile. Oil is produced at a slower rate which makes the skin lose its moisture, so it becomes dry and flaky. All of these make skin look old and dull.
The effects of aging
Effects of the changes are multiple. Because the cells are thinned and not as densely packed it makes the epidermis thinner and more easily injured. Aging skin cells repair themselves much slower than young ones. Healing from injuries can be up to 4 times slower when aging begins. When skin cells start to age disorders begin to become more of a problem. Almost 90% of older individuals have some sort of skin condition due to cells aging. So if this happens when an individual begins to age, what can they do to make these effects less obvious? They can focus on prevention.
Preventing skin from aging too fast
Prevention is always better than correction, and cheaper, too. Prevention is one of the only things you are able to do to slow down the effects of aging. Science has pinpointed the sun as one of the biggest culprits in cells aging. Therefore, sunscreen is one of the most effective ways to reduce the aging of cells. Even if you don’t think you are exposed to the sun that much, the tiniest bit of sun damage can age your skin and even lead to skin cancer.
Good nutrition and plenty of fluids is also an important aspect of preventing cells from aging rapidly. As stated above, skin does lose moisture as it ages, and the only true way to lock in as much of skin’s natural moisture as possible is by drinking plenty of water and keeping your body hydrated from the inside. Fruits and vegetables contain properties of collagen, that thing that makes your skin look firm, as well as high amounts of water, so you should eat them regularly. Avoid sugary and salty foods as much as possible. Not only can these bloat you and make you gain weight, but they can also dry out your skin and make you have blemishes.
A good night of sleep is one of the best preventions for aging skin. The body regenerates at night, and the more you allow it to charge the more energized and healthy you will feel. This also pertains to your skin, which is your body’s largest organ. Sleep is good for cell reproduction, so if you rob your skin of sleep your skin cells become dull and lifeless.
Aging is something that scientists have yet to stop, it’s a fact of life, but there are plenty of ways to slow down the signs of aging and the effects of skin cells aging. So drink plenty of water, stay out of the sun when possible and wear sunscreen. Maybe pop music isn’t all wrong after all.